Yawuru

Yawuru Nilawarl: Gunurru

English Name: White Gum

Scientific Name: Eucalyptus flavescens (Myrtaceae)

The Gunurru has white bark and green curved, thick leaves, with urn-shaped fruits and pale flowers in umbels. An infusion of gum is used against colds and flus and the bark is used to make utensils such as bowls and plates. They flower from the middle of Laja to the middle of Barrgana.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Bilawal

English Name: Dampier’s Bloodwood

Scientific Name: Eucalyptus dampieri (Myrtaceae)

The Bilawal has tan, red and white blotchy bark with large smooth and ovate leaves with urn-shaped fruit and white, fluffy stamens as the flowers. An infusion of gum is a strong medicine against colds and flus. Shields can be made from the bark and hunting sticks can be made from the roots. Bilawal flower from the middle of Man-gala until the middle of Barrgana and fruit only during Laja season.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Jarridany

English Name: Boomerang Tree

Scientific Name: Hakea macrocarpa

The Jarridany has linear spear-shaped leaves with oval, beaked-shape woody fruit and large showy cream yellow flowers. The ashes, when burnt, are used as disinfectant for open sores. The ashes are also used as black paint for ceremonies and to protect your skin from the sun. Its soft wood is used to make boomerang carving easier and the flowers contain honey. The jarridany flower from the start of Wirralburu until the end of Wilburu and fruit from Barrgana to Laja.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Yaminyarri

English Name: Gubinge

Scientific Name: Terminalia ferdinandiana (Combretaceae)

The Yaminyarri have big roundish leaves with green ovoid-shaped mature fruit and small yellow flowers with a nectar smell. The high vitamin C is edible and is good for medicine. The gum is warmed on the coals and used to patch cracks in wood, the gum is also edible. The Yaminyarri flower from the start Laja to the end of Man-gala and fruit from the middle of Laja to the middle of Man-gala.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Irrigil

English Name: Yellow hakea

Scientific Name: Hakea arborescens (Proteaceae)

The Irrigil has linear leaves, orange when new and golden when mature, and small flowers that grow in bunches with bird-shaped woody fruit. It has the best wood to make boomerangs or hunting sticks. The Irrigil flowers from Man-gala to the end of Barrgana and fruit from Marrul to the end of Barrgana.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Yirragulu

English Name: Pindan wattle

Scientific Name: Acacia eriopoda (Mimosaceae)

The Yirragulu has linear leaves and pods with fluffy yellow flowers. The wood is used to make spears, hunting sticks and digging sticks. Flour can be made from the dry seeds to cook damper. The Yirragulu flowers from the start of Marrul to the end of Barrgana and fruit from the start of Wirlburu to the middle of Laja.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Narwulu

English Name: Blackberry tree

Scientific Name: Terminalia petiolaris (Combretaceae)

The Narwulu has shiny green convex, wavy-edge leaves with white flowers with a nectar smell. The berries are green and turn black. The fruit is edible when black or purple. The Narwulu flower at the start of Laja to the end of Marrul and fruit from Marrul to the start of Man-gala.

Yawuru Nilawarl: Jigily

English Name: Butterfly tree or mother-in-law tree

Scientific Name: Lysiphyllum cunninghamii (Caesalpiniaceae)

The Jigily has green, butterfly-shaped leaves with reddish pods, and the flowers are red and rich with nectar. The position and the shape of the leaves reflect a traditional social behaviour: the son-in-law cannot face or look at his mother-in-law. The wood is good for fires as they burn slowly, and green paint can be made from the leaves by chewing them. The Jigily flower from the start of Marrul to the middle of Laja and fruit from the start of Wirlburu until the end of Laja.